Different Physical Exercise Activities

Physical activity that helps to positively promote improvements to a person’s overall health

Most of us know that exercise is any type of physical activity that helps to positively promote improvements to a person’s overall health. The good news is that exercise need not cost anything and regardless of age or current fitness ability there’s strong scientific evidence that being physically active can help you lead a healthier and even happier life.

But for many of us how to get started with an effective exercise programme can seem rather daunting. After all not all exercise is equal and any reputable qualified Personal Trainer will tell you there are great workouts…and then there are the other type. The latter leave so many perplexed at why they’re not seeing the gains for all their hard work and before you know it they’re given up and are back to square one.

In this feature we consider what the different types of exercise activity are and why a highly effective fitness routine would combine all of these into a results driven training routine.


Types of Physical Activity

Exercises can generally be divided into three types;

Aerobic exercise refers to activities such as jogging and cycling where the emphasis is on cardiovascular endurance.

Anaerobic exercise relates to activities such as weight training and sprinting and these are mainly concerned with muscle strength.

Flexibility related exercise activities such as stretching and mobilisations concentrate on the range of motion of muscles and joints.

Aerobic Exercise Activities

There are times in our daily lives, such as running for the bus that require us to up the intensity of our efforts. This increase in activity is often referred to as aerobic exercise.

Aerobic fitness simply describes how well a human can utilise oxygen from their surroundings. It is taken into their lungs and then into the blood and is pumped from the heart and circulatory system for use by working muscle tissue, where it is required to oxidize carbohydrate and fat to produce energy.

Large muscle activities that are rhythmic in nature, like walking and cycling are classified as aerobic exercises. These activities require a sustained increase in respiration, circulation and muscle metabolism and as such lead to some highly significant changes in those systems and associated muscles.
If you find that you easily get out of breath performing an everyday task such as climbing the office stairs then it may be an indicator that your aerobic fitness needs some work.

If regular aerobic exercise is followed then an individual’s aerobic fitness improves.

A great way to ascertain your base level is to work out with a Personal Trainer who will want to complete some initial aerobic fitness testing. Once you know your start point you can then complete a re-test every 6 to 8 weeks to see your improvements.

Gains in aerobic fitness have many benefits including improvements in health, appearance, vitality and quality of life.